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Vers un quatrième Reich allemand ? (vidéo 11’26)

dimanche 19 mai 2019, par anonyme (Date de rédaction antérieure : 19 mai 2019).


Georgia SwitchnewsTV le 19 mai 2019.mp4

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Note de do : L’armée ou la police européenne dont elle parle est connue depuis longtemps. Elle s’appelle Eurogendfor :

Angela Merkel says the postwar world order is over and calls for Europe to stand up to China, Russia, and the US :…

16 May 2019, 14:32

Grace Panetta

  • German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she thinks the post-World War II global order as we know it is over — and grouped the United States with China and Russia as adversaries of Europe.
  • "There is no doubt that Europe needs to reposition itself in a changed world," Merkel told Süddeutsche Zeitung in an interview, shared with The Guardian. "The old certainties of the postwar order no longer apply."
  • Less than three years ago, Germany was one of the US’s closest allies, and Merkel was working harmoniously with President Barack Obama.
  • President Donald Trump, however, frequently insulted Merkel over the 2015 refugee crisis and has clashed with her on multiple occasions over NATO’s budget and the US’s trade deficit with Germany.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said in a recent interview with the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung that she thinks the postwar global order built over seven decades is over — and grouped the United States with China and Russia as rivals of Europe.

Merkel, who’s been Germany’s chancellor since 2005 and was the leader of the center-right Christian Democratic Union party from 2000 to 2018, said in the interview, which was shared with The Guardian, that the traditionally strong diplomatic and military alliance between the European Union and the United States forged after World War II is now on shaky footing.

"There is no doubt that Europe needs to reposition itself in a changed world," Merkel said. "The old certainties of the postwar order no longer apply."

According to The Guardian, she added that the US, Russia, and China "are forcing us, time and again, to find common positions."

Merkel said she thinks the rise of right-wing populism — which many scholars have cited as the force behind seismic geopolitical events like Britain’s exit from the EU, the election of US President Donald Trump, and the rise of populist leaders throughout Europe — has fundamentally shifted the global order of alliances and leaves Europe and its political and economic union on the defense.

"Simply stating that we’ve enjoyed seven decades of peace is no longer enough to justify the European project," she said. "Without forward-looking arguments to justify Europe, the European peace project would also be in greater jeopardy than one may think."

Less than three years ago, Germany was one of the US’s closest allies, and Merkel was working harmoniously with President Barack Obama. Merkel and Obama not only shared perspectives on various foreign and economic policy issues but were close friends.

During his 2016 presidential campaign, Trump accused Merkel of "ruining Germany" by allowing Syrian refugees to resettle there, and he tried to smear his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, by comparing her to Merkel.

And over the past year and a half, Trump has consistently criticized Germany over trade and accused it of not contributing fairly to NATO’s budget, leading to several tense interactions with Merkel, who has decried Trump’s cozy relationship with Russia.

In May 2017, Merkel made a subtle jab at Trump, saying at a campaign event : "The times in which we could fully rely on others are partly over. I have experienced this in the last few days. We Europeans really have to take our destiny into our own hands."

Trump hit back on Twitter a few days later, writing : "We have a MASSIVE trade deficit with Germany, plus they pay FAR LESS than they should on NATO & military. Very bad for U.S. This will change."

Germany’s ties to the US military date back to the end of World War II, and roughly 33,000 US troops are based in the country to assure European security against adversaries like Russia.

Merkel said that in the face of the rising geopolitical influence of populism and the military prowess of China and Russia, European nations banding together to defend liberal values and principles is increasingly important.

Merkel : Europe must unite to stand up to China, Russia and US :…

Stefan Kornelius, Nico Fried and Philip Oltermann in Berlin

Wed 15 May 2019 17.00 BST

Last modified on Thu 16 May 2019 14.46 BST

‘There is no doubt that Europe needs to reposition itself in a changed world,’ said Merkel. Photograph : Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

German chancellor also shares views on Brexit and climate crisis in interview

Europe must reposition itself to stand up to the challenges posed by its three big global rivals, China, Russia and the US, Angela Merkel has said before her final European election as German chancellor.

Facing challenges that range from Russian interference in elections to China’s economic clout and the US’s monopoly over digital services, Europe needs to get better at putting up a united front, Merkel said in a wide-ranging interview shared with the Guardian.

“There is no doubt that Europe needs to reposition itself in a changed world,” Merkel said in a conversation in her office in Berlin. “The old certainties of the post-war order no longer apply.”

She added : “They [China, Russia and the US] are forcing us, time and again, to find common positions. That is often difficult given our different interests. But we do get this done – think, for example, of our policy regarding the conflict in Ukraine.

“Our policies on Africa, too, now follow a common strategy, which a few years ago would have been unthinkable. So we keep putting one foot in front of the other. However, our political power is not yet commensurate with our economic strength.”

Merkel with Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin at the G20 in Hamburg in 2017. Photograph : Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

In the interview, conducted by journalists from the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung and shared with the Guardian as part of the Europa newspaper alliance, Merkel also said :

  • Brexit was the biggest European turning point of recent years, but that the ball was now in the UK’s court : “In order for the UK to leave the EU, there needs to be a parliamentary majority in London for, rather than merely against, something.”
  • Generating enough economic wealth to tackle the environmental crisis remained her “greatest worry”.
  • Germany was aiming to become carbon neutral by 2050, but this was “a tremendous challenge”.

The interview comes at a pivotal moment in Merkel’s 14 years as chancellor. Her party, the Christian Democratic Union, faces the prospect of significant losses in the May 23-26 poll, though observers believe she remains popular enough to see out her fourth term through to 2021.

The elections are a chance for populists in Germany and across the continent to build on their mounting popularity, borne of greater inequality, growing precariousness and a disenchantment with politics in Brussels and in member states.

“Many people are concerned about Europe, including myself,” Merkel said. “This means I feel even more duty-bound to join others in making sure that Europe has a future.”

She said her peers needed to stop toying with populist gestures, and categorically ruled out opening up her centre-right bloc of parties in the European parliament to far-right populists such as Matteo Salvini.

“This is indeed a time when we need to fight for our principles and fundamental values,” Merkel said. “The heads of state and government will decide how far to let populism go or if we are ultimately willing to take on joint responsibility.

“Simply stating that we’ve enjoyed seven decades of peace is no longer enough to justify the European project. Without forward-looking arguments to justify Europe, the European peace project would also be in greater jeopardy than one may think.”

Merkel also stressed the urgency of the global environmental crisis. A former environment minister in Helmut Kohl’s cabinet, Merkel recalled biodiversity conferences she attended in the mid-1990s, and said : “It is heartbreaking to see how the situation has worsened in so many ways.

Angela Merkel with the then chancellor, Helmut Kohl, in whose cabinet she served as environment minister. Photograph : AP

“There clearly is a lack of consistent political action, on a global scale. What is key for being able to act in all spheres, including environmental protection, is for us to be economically successful. That is my greatest worry.”

She reiterated her aim for Germany to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, but said that for European countries to meet the net-zero carbon emissions target set by the French president, Emmanuel Macron, and eight other leaders last week, they would need to reopen a fraught debate about carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology.

“Nine countries intend to attain climate neutrality by 2050, whereby they would on average no longer emit any CO2,” Merkel said of Macron’s initiative. “I am firmly convinced that this can only be done if one is willing to capture and store CO2. The countries in question do not deny this. The method is called CCS – and for many in Germany it is a highly charged term.”

CCS is controversial because critics see it as an expensive subsidy that would ultimately perpetuate rather than reduce reliance on fossil fuels. “There are two possibilities – you can either store carbon, or you can reforest on a large scale,” she said. “In the Netherlands, for example, the latter is not an option. There, CO2 could be pumped into empty gas fields. We could do the same in Germany – but if I wanted to implement this policy here with the stroke of a pen, then people would be right to ask me how realistic that is.”

Merkel would not say whether the EU would grant Britain another extension if Theresa May’s government failed to pass her withdrawal agreement by the end of October deadline.

And, asked whether by the autumn Brexit might be being discussed by new leaders in both London and Berlin, she again refused to be drawn, answering : “Should there be anything to negotiate, the European commission will do so on behalf of the 27 member states, as it has done so far.”

This article is part of a six-newspaper collaboration called Europa in which work is reported by one or more newspaper and shared for publication with all. The interview was conducted by Süddeutsche Zeitung, with the Guardian feeding in questions. The six papers are the Guardian, Le Monde, Süddeutsche Zeitung, La Vanguardia, La Stampa and Gazeta Wyborcza.

1 Message

  • Cette lanceuse d’alerte est complètement flippée. Elle panique à l’idée de voir disparaître les vieilles nations sans le moindre recul. Elle découvre que l’Europe est un projet impérialiste. Elle rentre à fond dans la gonfle du discours anti Trump en ignorant qu’il masque des traités "transatlantiques" et l’OTAN. Elle oublie que l’Allemagne dépense beaucoup moins que la France pour ses armées (France = 58 milliards / Allemagne 41 !). Elle nie que la pire police d’Europe c’est la police française qui pourtant n’est pas du tout discrète.

    Je ne sais pas si nous sommes en présence d’une "parano" ou d’une bécasse inculte !

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